The hottest test instrument industry in China need

2022-08-20
  • Detail

The development of China's testing instrument industry needs to break through four bottlenecks

not long ago, the China Society of testing instruments and the China Association for analysis and testing, entrusted by the relevant departments of the state that have true stress true strain curves and deformation strengthening most metals (especially ductile metals), carried out investigation and Research on China's testing instrument industry. According to the survey, there are more than 6000 testing instrument enterprises in China, which have formed an industrial system with a relatively complete variety of categories and a certain technical foundation and production scale. But at the same time, experts in the industry also pointed out that although China's testing instrument industry has developed to a certain extent, it is far from meeting the growing urgent needs of all walks of life in the national economy

most of the products in China's testing instrument industry belong to the medium and low-level technical level, and the key indicators such as reliability and stability have not all met the requirements. Almost all high-end and large-scale instruments and equipment rely on imports. At the same time, foreign companies also occupy more than 60% of the domestic market share of mid-range products and many key parts and components. According to the statistics of the customs, excluding the test instruments caused by the complete set of engineering projects, the total amount of all kinds of test instruments imported every year is close to 50% of the total output value of China's test instrument industry. In addition, among more than 6000 enterprises, less than 1000 have an annual sales revenue of more than 10million yuan, resulting in low economic benefits for the whole industry

according to the analysis, the current bottleneck restricting the development of China's testing instrument industry is mainly concentrated in the following four aspects:

the progress of scientific and technological innovation and industrialization is slow

compared with the international trend, China's testing instrument industry is too slow in scientific and technological innovation and industrialization, and the situation is very serious. In the 21st century, the general level of testing instruments in China is still at the international level in the early 1980s; Large and high-end instruments and equipment almost all rely on imports; Many urgently needed special instruments are still blank; There are still many difficulties to be overcome in ensuring the quality of medium and low-grade products... The slow progress of scientific and technological innovation and its industrialization is a bottleneck restricting the development of China's testing instrument industry

the main factors that restrict the scientific and technological innovation of China's testing instrument industry and the sluggish progress of its industrialization are:

first, the scientific research funding is seriously insufficient. The development funds for scientific and technological innovation of international famous test instrument companies generally exceed 10% of the annual sales, while the sales of Chinese test instrument enterprises are not high, and the development funds for scientific and technological innovation generally do not exceed 3% of the annual sales. In contrast, the investment of enterprise scientific research with the development of science and technology in the world is pitiful

second, the lack of talents and a large number of losses have become a serious obstacle to the scientific and technological innovation and industrialization of the testing instrument industry, especially in state-owned enterprises

third, there is a lack of an effective combination of government, industry, learning, research, finance and employment. In the past, only the combination of industry, University and research was advocated, and there were few successful examples, without the intervention of official and financial circles and users. The financial circles referred to here can also be enterprise or private capital. Under the current situation faced by China's testing instrument enterprises, it is extremely difficult to successfully realize industrialization

the problem of product stability and reliability is prominent.

the main products of various test instruments produced in China, including industrial automation instruments and systems, communication instruments, etc., although the technical indicators are not far behind similar foreign products, the problem of stability and reliability has not been fundamentally solved for a long time, just like tens of thousands of businesses, logistics, and service providers in Alibaba's e-commerce system, It has become a serious obstacle to the development of China's testing instrument industry

the reasons are as follows: first, the research and development of basic technology have been neglected for a long time; Second, the quality of domestic general-purpose parts and basic parts is not up to standard; Third, the enterprise has poor quality control and management of products. If the product quality is not up to standard, accelerating the development of the testing instrument industry can only be on paper

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI